Scientific studies to be conducted in response to an oil spill in the Beaufort Sea by John G. Ward

Cover of: Scientific studies to be conducted in response to an oil spill in the Beaufort Sea | John G. Ward

Published by Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia Bay in Victoria, B. C .

Written in English

Read online

Subjects:

  • Oil spills -- Beaufort Sea.,
  • Oil spills -- Environmental aspects.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 131-133.

Book details

Statementby John G. Ward, C. Eric Tull ; for Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia Bay.
ContributionsTull, C. Eric., Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia Bay.
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 151 p. :
Number of Pages151
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14194019M

Download Scientific studies to be conducted in response to an oil spill in the Beaufort Sea

Get this from a library. Scientific studies to be conducted in response to an oil spill in the Beaufort Sea. [John G Ward; C E Tull; Institute of Ocean Sciences, Patricia Bay,] -- Study conducted in order to identify those scientific studies that should possibly be conducted following a major oil spill in the Beaufort Sea.

Studies would be conducted to assess the immediate. Modeling the impacts of oil spills in the Beaufort Sea. We used a sophisticated ecosystem model to evaluate the impacts of four different hypothetical oil spills, including a near-shore spill of crude oil from a drilling platform and a tanker ship spilling crude oil near the U.S.-Canadian border.

¾ A comprehensive, collaborative, long-term Arctic oil spill research and development program needs to be established. The program should focus on understanding oil spill behavior in the Arctic marine environment, including the relationship between oil and sea ice formation, transport, and fate.

It should include assessment of oil spill response. evaluate selected oil spill response equipment and tactics under realistic conditions and utilize this information to inform planning tools and requirements, and regulatory changes. ICCOPR should play a strong role in conducting and/or supporting oil spill response research and technology development, both nationally and internationally.

Scientists from the Emergency Response Division (ERD) of NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration frequently conduct research on oil and chemical spill topics, both within NOAA and with other agencies and partners.

Below is a sampling of their publications, grouped by year. To find more of ERD's scientific publications, you may want to check these sources.

Modeling Oil Spills in the Beaufort Sea Exploring the Risk: What would happen if oil spills in the Beaufort Sea.

Arctic The Beaufort Sea is a unique ocean environment that covers approximatelykm² (, sq. mi), spanning the Canadian-U.S. border and stretching across the northernFile Size: 3MB.

MAY 7, — During an emergency situation such as an oil spill or ship grounding, scientists in NOAA’s Office of Response and Restoration are guided by five central questions as they develop scientifically based recommendations for the U.S.

Coast Guard. These recommendations help the Coast Guard respond to the incident while minimizing environmental impacts resulting from the spill and. 3 Arctic Oil Spill Response Research. Large-scale work on oil spills in sea ice began in the early s in Canada and the United States with the Beaufort Sea Project and the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program, respectively (e.g., Lewis, ).

the keys to creating a world-class, safe and reliable oil spill prevention and control program for the Beaufort Sea. Examples illustrating a number of Arctic spill response strategies covered in this document: detection and tracking, on-ice operations, burning, mechanical recovery and ice management.

Recent examples include the SINTEF Oil in Ice JIP (–) and research conducted at Ohmsett—The National Oil Spill Response Research and Renewable Energy Test Facility.

This sustained and frequently collaborative effort is not commonly known and recognised by those outside the field of oil spill : Joseph V. Mullin. Scientists Fault Lack of Studies Over Gulf Oil Spill. many gallons of oil are flowing into the sea from the gushing oil well.

and now consults worldwide on oil-spill prevention and response. 1 of 28 Oil Spill Response Preparedness in the Alaska Beaufort Sea Nick W. Glover David Dickins, P. Eng. Supreme Petroleum Council DF Dickins Associates Abu Dhabi, UAE La Jolla, CA USA This paper is a reprint of material originally published by the same authors at Author: Nick W.

Glover, Abu Dhabi. Research, response for future oil spills: Lessons learned from Deepwater Horizon.

Contacts: Ciaran Clayton/NOAA, (cell) or A.B. Wade/USGS, A special collection of articles about the Deepwater Horizon oil spill provides the first comprehensive analysis and synthesis of the science used in the unprecedented response effort by the government, academia.

What would an Arctic oil spill in the Beaufort Sea look like. How far would it spread. How would it impact the environment and species. How would it affect people. The RRB also manages Ohmsett, the National Oil Spill Response Research Test Facility, located in Leonardo, New Jersey.

Ohmsett is the largest outdoor saltwater wave/tow tank facility in North America. Ohmsett allows full-scale oil spill response testing, training and research with oil in a. The first test spill to be discussed is that conducted in in the Canadian western Arctic as part of the Beaufort Sea Project (BSP).

A good summary of this work is provided in five books that were written to summarize 45 scientific reports (some pages) about the Arctic Ocean and oil development that were published as part of the BSP by.

The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative (GoMRI) was established by a $ million commitment from BP in response to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. The year research program aims to mitigate the impacts of hydrocarbon pollution and stressors on the marine environment and public health from the spill, as well as improve society’s.

nities in the Beaufort Sea region. LESSONS LEARNT FROM BEAUFORT OIL SPILL MODELING STUDIES • Oil and ice don’t mix: oil is difficult to contain, especially in icy conditions Spilled oil surfaces rapidly and is easily trapped in sea ice, making it difficult to contain or clean up and spreading oil to areas far from the spill Size: 1MB.

OIL SPILL RESPONSE CAPACITY IN NUNAVUT AND THE BEAUFORT SEA. RESPONDING TO ARCTIC SHIPPING OIL SPILLS: RISKS AND CHALLENGES.

As the Arctic warms and sea ice diminishes, the biggest threat to the Arctic marine. environment from ships is from an oil spill. Less summer sea ice has already led to. Train. OSRL is an accredited training provider to the Oil, Gas and Shipping Industries, providing a full range of courses to international training standards (International Maritime Organization (IMO)).Our range of Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) and Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) accredited UK based courses gives the assurance that trained personnel performing roles from.

The Beaufort Sea wave environment can present a significant challenge to oil spill response. Waves are predominantly generated during the open water season and generally propagate from the east and northeast, although recent analyses suggest sizeable waves now also come from the west.

The main cleanup of an oil spill originating from a late-season oil well blowout in the Beaufort Sea would take place in the spring. It is at this time that the oil trapped in and under the ice. The threaten degree assessment of oil spill accidents is an important content of the emergency decision.

On the basis of reference to the domestic and overseas oil spill accident evaluation, this paper fully considered the sources of oil spill, receptors, as well as the influence factors which all affect the threaten level of oil spill accidents, and a comprehensive and clear hierarchy Author: Tian Tian Zhang, Hong Bo Zheng.

Some major oil spills such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill in and the recent BP deepwater horizon (DWH) oil spill in have captured global attention due to their catastrophic impacts.

In the last decade, over 1 billion gallons of oil were spilled worldwide and 6 million tonnes per year entered the oceans (Abdul-Hamid et al., ).Cited by: 6. Objective: To conduct an oil spill response gap analysis for three areas in the U.S. Arctic Beaufort and Chukchi Seas.

• Quantified the frequency that oil spill response may not be feasible due to weather or environmental conditions • Consider wind, sea state, temperature, ice coverage, and visibility •.

ing and deterring birds in the event of an oil spill in the Canadian Beaufort Sea. Poten­ tial techniques were identified during a literature. review that emphasized information published since An evaluation of their likely effectiveness in the Beaufort Sea.

Techniques of Oil Spill Response in the sea 37 | Page removes the oil from the marine environment but it takes a long time, by the time that the oil is eventually removed from the environment much harm might have been done.

The third and fourth methods simply displace the oil from the water surface to the water column. This book focuses on the Alaskan Beaufort Sea shelf and coastal environment. It is a prod-uct of the late 's surge in field research, i.e. Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program (OCSEAP), conducted in response to petroleum industry activities in.

A special collection of articles about the Deepwater Horizon oil spill provides the first comprehensive analysis and synthesis of the science used in the unprecedented response effort by the.

Marine scientists urge government to reassess oil spill response Date: process and limits the scope of studies that are conducted. "So many. In-situ Burning At Sea: The Science, Technology, and Effects of Controlled Burning of Oil Spills At Sea (Technical report series (Marine Spill Response Corporation), ) [I A Buist;, S.L.

Ross Environmental Research Ltd.;, Marine Spill Response Corporation.;] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. In-situ Burning At Sea: The Science, Technology, and Effects of Controlled Author: I A Buist;, S.L.

Ross Environmental Research Ltd.;, Marine Spill Response Corporation. Highlights We surveyed Gulf Coast residents regarding the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. We explore residents' views about organizational actors responding to the spill. Age, race, income, political party, and place of residence all influence opinions.

Direct family impacts and receipt of compensation from BP also shape views. Loss of trust in information sources erodes support for responding Cited by: The objective of this study is to apply historical data on ice concentration, temperature, sea level, salinity and wind speed to an evaluation of the effectiveness of oil spill responses in various seasons and regions.

Keeping operations safe on ice is critical to Arctic exploration and : Beomrak Lee. There is an extensive body of knowledge concerningin-situ burning of oil in ice situations, beginning with laboratory, tank and field studies in the mids in support of drilling in the Canadian Beaufort -situ burning research has been conducted primarily in Canada, Norway and the United States.

This paper serves as a review of the Cited by: About this book. International experts in the field of oil spill response, including reprsentatives from 26 NATO countries, participated in a workshop in Canada to discuss their experience in the development and application of current and emerging technologies for oil spill response in the marine Range: £ - £   International experts in the field of oil spill response, including reprsentatives from 26 NATO countries, participated in a workshop in Canada to discuss their experience in the development and application of current and emerging technologies for oil spill response in the marine : Paperback.

As seen, in them layer, V 3 (z) ranges from -2 10 -5 to 10 -5 m s -1 with positive values below m and negative values above m. The spill began after an April 20 explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil exploration rig ruptured the pipe that led from the wellhead up to the platform.

Soon after, 5, barrels of oil per day started spewing into the ocean from three leaks in the pipe. The lack of infrastructure and oil spill response equip-ment in the U.S. Arctic (Figure 3) is a significant liability in the event of a large oil spill.

Building U.S. capabilities to support oil spill response will require significant investment in physical infrastructure and human capabilities, from. In this study, time-series samples were taken from a gravel beach to ascertain whether a periodic oil input induced by tidal action at the early stage of an oil spill can be a trigger to stimulate Cited by: 5.

Research, Response for Future Oil Spills: Lessons Learned from Deepwater Horizon – NOAA December 3, by gCaptain A view of the oil source as seen during an overflight on Author: Gcaptain.Print Resources on Oil Spills, Response, and Restoration in the NOAA Libraries Network, will lead you to library resources in the 30 libraries of the NOAA Library and Information Network.

The entries provide author, title, publisher, series, and call number from the NOAA Library and. Input of oil to the marine environment. Chemical Response Technology to an Oil Spill. Natural cleansing.

Chemical barriers, oil sinking agents and sorbents. Dispersion. Burning of oil at sea. Mechanical Response Technology to an Oil Spill. Containment systems. Clean-up techniques on water.

Oil recovery vessels. Oil Spill Combating on Edition: 1.

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